The Qrisk calculator predicts whether you would benefit from a cholesterol tablet (statin) to reduce your risk of strokes and heart attack
by up to 40 percent. It uses factors such as the below to calculate the risk.
Some of the factors such as family history, age, other conditions we are limited in what we can do in which
case the cholesterol tablets if agreeable may be started straight away.
This is more important now that we are living longer.
We do not want to have heart attacks or strokes to end or damage our lives.
What lifestyle changes can I make?
You may have noticed that the list of risk factors includes things we can change (such as smoking
status, weight and blood pressure) and things we cannot change (such as age and gender). We can
therefore try to reduce our risk by taking a few simple steps including:
Stop smoking – consider swapping to vaping initially which is considerably less risky.
Eat a healthy balanced diet – low in fat, sugar and salt. Eat 5 fruit / veg a day.
Reduce alcohol intake – aim for less than 14 units a week for men and women.
Keep an eye on your weight and take steps to lose weight if needed. Aim for BMI 20-25.
Exercise regularly (walking is a great start).
Taking medication to reduce blood pressure if needed.
- choose wholegrain varieties of starchy food
- reduce their intake of sugar and food products containing refined sugars including fructose
- eat at least 5 portions of fruit and vegetables per day
- eat at least 2 portions of fish per week, including a portion of oily fish
- eat at least 4 to 5 portions of unsalted nuts, seeds and legumes per weekavoiding excessive meat and cheese (cholesterol)
These are not always good enough to bring your Qrisk to below 10 percent but are valuable.
Cholesterol tablets if indicated are a valuable medicine that we use to prevent
you having a heart attack and stroke.
If your qrisk is 10 which means 10 percent change of you having problems in the next 10 years and 90 chance of it not happening.
A Qrisk of 10 percent, if you looked at 100 people, 10 people would have an event in the next ten years
This means up to 4 would not have the event if 100 people treated with a cholesterol tablet.
Advice regarding statins if you were recommended them –
Other medicines/food stuffs- *Need to avoid grapefruit and certain medicines as they may interact raising blood statin levels. They can cause muscle aches and pains sometimes. They can rarely cause serious muscle damage.
In the uncommon event that you get significant muscle pain stop the statin and attend surgery.
Bloods are needed 3 months after starting.
We have a leaflet about statins and are happy to start you on a statin or discuss this further.
Accessibility resources to help you communicate about COVID-19
- Signhealth is providing a videos of summaries of key coronavirus guidance in BSL
- The handwashing rap, produced to help people who have a learning disability
- Public Health England stay at home guidance, translated and in easy read
- Public Health England guidance on social distancing, translated.
- NHS guidelines translated into 32 languages by Doctors of the World
- Easy read information on COVID-19 from Mencap
- Public Health England resources in accessible formats
Click on photo
How to wash your hands
Information on smoking – Smoking Cripples and Kills You. You will PAy For It. Stop Now.
Smoking remains the single largest preventable cause of early death.
Half of all lifelong smokers will die prematurely, usually about 10 years younger than non-smokers.
The main causes of death from smoking are heart disease and strokes, lung cancer and
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
We can refer to the GP Alliance Stubbit Service to help you stop.
NHS smokefree – a dedicated support service to help smokers quit. Visit the website or call the Smokefree National Helpline number on:
0300 123 1044
Ash – Action on Smoking and Health – a campaigning public health charity working to eliminate the harm caused by tobacco.
Information on alcohol https://queensbowersurgery.co.uk/?page_id=86
For help with alcohol/drugs if needed Recovery Network Call their information
and help line 0800 066 5362
Information on alcohol
Alcohol and Substance MisuseAlcohol safety, how it affects your body and how to get help if you want to stop
EasyRead Alcohol Leaflet
Healthy eating, exercise and your weight
Advice on eating and exercise
What to eat, drink and wear to protect yourself from strong sun
How to apply eye drops
How to check and what to do
How to look after and check your breasts
Information on breast screening
All about having the flu vaccination and why it is really important