Cancer Screening

 

NHS Screening

 

Cervical Screening

 

  • Cervical Screening Leaflets

  • Cervical Screening Leaflets – helping you decide

  • Cervical Screening Leaflets – Lesbian & Bisexual Women

     

 

 

 

( Information from cancerscreening.nhs.uk and NHS Nottingham City)

In England all women aged 25-49 are invited to a screening every three years, and women aged 50-64 every five years. In order to be invited you need to be registered with a GP who has your current address on file. The NHS call and re-call system will then issue invites to screening and track any follow up investigation. If you are unsure about eligibility or want to confirm your details, speak to your GP.

Cervical screening is not a test for cancer. It is a method of preventing cancer by detecting and treating early abnormalities which, if left untreated, could lead to cancer in a woman’s cervix.

Is cervical screening effective?

Whilst cervical screening cannot be 100 per cent effective, cervical screening programmes have been shown to reduce the incidence of cancer in a population of women. For example:

Percentage of Cancer Preventable

(Protection offered by a single negative smear)

  20-39 years 40-54 years 55-69 years
3-yearly screening 41% 69% 73%
5-yearly screening 30% 63% 73%
Sasieni, Adams, and Cuzick, BJC 2003

Coverage of the target population

The effectiveness of the programme can also be judged by coverage. This is the percentage of women in the target age group (25 to 64) who have been screened in the last five years. If overall coverage of 80 per cent can be achieved, the evidence suggests that a reduction in death rates of around 95 per cent is possible in the long term. In 2010/11 the coverage of eligible women was 78.6 per cent3

What about women who are not sexually active?

The NHS Cervical Screening Programme invites all women between the ages of 25 and 64 for cervical screening. But if a woman has never been sexually active, then the research evidence shows that her chance of developing cervical cancer is very low indeed. We do not say no risk, only very low risk. In these circumstances, a woman might choose to decline the invitation for cervical screening on this occasion. If a woman is not currently sexually active but has been in the past, then we would recommend that she continues screening.

Breast Screening

Breast Screening

Around a third of breast cancers are now diagnosed through screening.

Between 1 April 2009 and 31 March 2010, 2,133,189 women were screened by the NHSBSP in England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland, and 17,013 cancers were detected in women of all ages.

5-year relative survival for women with screen-detected invasive breast cancer improved significantly from 93.5 per cent in 1992/93 to 97.1 per cent in 2002/03

Between 2 and 2.5 lives are saved for every overdiagnosed case.

https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/breast-screening-information-leaflets

 

 

Patient modules ( NHS Videos)

 These are archived but contain good information (Please note the information about the screening populations may change)

Bowel Screening

bowel-cancer.link

 

 

 

About one in 20 people in the UK will develop bowel cancer during their lifetime. It is the third most common cancer in the UK, and the second leading cause of cancer deaths, with over 16,000 people dying from it each year.1

Regular bowel cancer screening has been shown to reduce the risk of dying from bowel cancer by 16 per cent2.

[1]CancerResearch UK, 2005. Cancerstats
[2] Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2006. Screening for colorectal cancer using the faecal occult blood test: an update

Prostate

Prostate PSA Testing Counselling Leaflet

This leaflet advises you about the pros and cons of prostate testing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blood in your urine

Further

Self-examination of the testicles (From Cancer Research UK)

 

Embarrassing Bodies – How to check your breasts or testicles


Further information on cancers

 

Useful link to

https://cancerhelp.cancerresearchuk.org/

This site not only gives you information on the different cancers, but also advises you support.

Macmillan Cancer Support 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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