1 U = 10mls pure alcohol
1 litre 40% vodka =40 U
2 pints beer 5% = 5 U +10%=5.5 U
1 bottle wine =9 U (3/4 litre at 12%)
Limits for women are 14 U/week
Limits for men are upto 21 U/week
More than 10 U in a day is binge drinking
What are the dangers ?
- Damage or risk to your health by fights, risk taking behavious, unnecessary injuries through falls or accidents, arguments with yourfamily and friends, neglect of your children, finding it hard to keep down a job,potential poverty.
- Heartburn, Ulcers, Perforated Ulcers that allow acid to go into your abdomen(life-threatening)
- Damage to the pancreas (pancreatitis -again potentially life threatening), diabetes
- Liver inflammation to cirrhosis (scarring) and subsequent liver failure. The liver filters the blood from the gut and treats poisons and waste products such that they can be excreted.It is also responsible for the blood clotting fuction and breakdownof excess hormones.
Haemorrhoids may also form in response to the scarring.
There are also other complications.
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for self-referral information.
Blood alcohol levels
Symptoms of effects of drinking alcohol at different levels of blood alcohol concentration (BAC).
|<50 mg/dL||Some impairment in motor coordination and thinking ability
|50-150 mg/dL||Altered mood (increased wellbeing or unhappiness)
Friendliness, shyness or argumentativeness
Impaired concentration and judgement
Reduced sexual disinhibition
|150-250 mg/dL||Slurred speech
Increased heart rate
Mood, personality and behaviour changes that may be sudden, angry and antisocial
|300 mg/dL||Unresponsive/extremely drowsy
|>400 mg/dL||Breathing slowed, shallow or stopped
Adapted from: Table 163.1 in Brust, J. C. M. (2005). Alcoholism. In L. P. Rowland (Ed.), Merritt’s neurology (11th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.and Table 1 in Vonghia, L., Leggio, L., Ferrulli, A., Bertini, M., Gasbarrini, G., Addolorato, G., et al. (2008). Acute alcohol intoxication. European Journal of Internal Medicine, 19(8), 561-567.